For more than 20 years, Shin Mineishi, MD, director of the blood and marrow transplant program at Penn State Cancer Institute, had treated acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) according to the long-established paradigm focusing on allogeneic stem cell transplant. In the past five years, however, he has begun to see a shift in that paradigm with transplantation being the center piece of a larger treatment sequence. The new approach emphasizes pre-transplant therapy and post-transplant maintenance together with the transplant itself to improve the transplant outcome. Over the next several years, Dr. Mineishi and his colleagues at the Cancer Institute will be conducting numerous trials to test aspects of this new paradigm.
As associate director of population sciences at the Penn State Cancer Institute, Kathryn H. Schmitz, PhD, MPH, is creating a thriving survivorship program. This program dovetails with Dr. Schmitz’s interest in clinical care and research combining exercise training and nutritional counseling in a behavioral oncology clinic. As such, she plans to conduct several studies on the effects of exercise on chemotoxicity in cancer patients.
“One of the most exciting things to me about the Penn State Cancer Institute is the environment of openness and excitement about combining changes in clinical care with research enterprises,” Dr. Schmitz states. In shaping her research strategy for Penn State Cancer Institute, Dr. Schmitz plans to draw on her prior experience studying the effects of exercise on women with elevated risk for breast cancer.1 She also transferred her Transdisciplinary Research on Energetics and Cancer (TREC) Center grant, an open IRB protocol, from the University of Pennsylvania to Penn State Cancer Institute. The TREC initiative is a scientific research program created by the National Cancer Institute in 2005 to reduce cancers associated with obesity, poor diet and low levels of physical activity.2 Continue reading “Population Sciences to Develop Survivorship Program and Advance Research”
Penn State Cancer Institute has joined forces with the nationwide Big Ten Cancer Research Consortium (BTCRC), an organization that pools resources from 12 major educational institutions. Without the bureaucracy typically associated with larger cooperative groups, the BTCRC strives to advance the fight against cancer with greater speed and agility.
This is evidenced in the ability of members to share their resources for clinical trial research, benefiting patients of member institutions by allowing them to gain access to clinical trials being conducted throughout the Consortium. The BTCRC was first established in 2011, and all current members, including Penn State Cancer Institute, were members by 2013. It arose as a result of the diminishing research opportunities for junior faculty and greater demands to pre-screen large populations to identify small, molecularly-enriched subsets.1 “Our membership in BTCRC allows access to new research ideas, often proposed by more junior investigators, in front of a national audience far more quickly than would otherwise be possible,” says Raymond Hohl, MD, PhD, director, Penn State Cancer Institute. Continue reading “Big Ten Cancer Research Consortium: Leveraging Scientific and Clinical Expertise in the Fight Against Cancer”
Penn State Cancer Institute has established a novel mode of breast carcinogenesis by discovering how communication between genetically distinct subclones contributes to tumor growth in Wnt-driven mammary cancers, a widely used murine breast cancer model.1 Although subsequent studies also have described cooperative interactions between certain tumor cell subpopulations, suggesting subclonal cooperation may be a common mechanism for the maintenance of tumor cell heterogeneity, this study, published in Nature, was the first to recognize the possible relationship. “As cancer biologists and clinicians have long known, cancers evolve,” says Edward J. Gunther, MD, professor of medicine, Penn State Cancer Institute. “But this idea that there are multiple subclones evolving in concert is new. Eventually, this broadened understanding will lead to a further evolution of cancer treatment strategies.” Continue reading “Groundbreaking Research Demonstrates New Mode of Carcinogenesis Hope for Far Less Toxic Treatment”
Despite advances in surgical and chemotherapeutic options, patients with gynecologic malignancies continue to have poor survival statistics.1 This will only be improved when basic research translates into clinical practice and research focus is informed by actual clinical needs, believes Rébécca Phaëton, MD, assistant professor, gynecologic oncology, Penn State Cancer Institute. Dr. Phaëton and colleague, Nadine Hempel, PhD, associate professor, pharmacology, have started a gynecologic malignancies working group (GMG) at Penn State Cancer Institute to enhance interactions between clinical and basic researchers, and to utilize cross-disciplinary research resources, including pre-clinical disease models and clinical specimens, and patient data. Continue reading “Group Unites Research and Clinical Care: Gynecologic Malignancy Specialists, Scientists, Nurses Work Together for Patient-Centered Solutions”
On behalf of the physicians and faculty at the Penn State Cancer Institute, I’m pleased to present the inaugural issue of the Cancer Report, a new publication developed to share innovative treatment solutions and advanced research, and to highlight how they work together to enhance the care of individuals with cancer. I envision the Cancer Report as a way for our clinicians and scientists to share research findings, ongoing trials, developments in biomedical engineering and new collaborations between Penn State Cancer Institute and many of our peers in the field.
Penn State Cancer Institute strives to advance the study of cancer by utilizing the many resources afforded by the clinical and research faculty at Penn State Health Milton S. Hershey Medical Center and the Pennsylvania State University. We treat more than 2,000 individual cases each year, including a large, underserved rural population.
Each day, innovative technologies are applied to treatment options and decisions for individuals with cancer, with special emphasis on the precise delivery of radiation therapy. In addition, biomedical engineering and material sciences have given rise to our strong nanotechnology program, pioneering novel methods of drug delivery. As treatment modalities improve, we are at the forefront of academic medical centers. We are developing a rapidly growing survivorship program, which offers an integrated approach to cancer education, prevention, screening, diagnosis, treatment and follow-up care. Continue reading “Introducing the Cancer Report: Sharing Research and Developments”